100TP, 200TP, 300TP, Course Training Text Book

"Oral Health in Equidae" by Jeffrey

Three hundred page full color training text book with over five hundred photos, charts and illustrations.

Including but not limited to the following subjects.

The Equine Gnathological Paradigm

The Gnathological Approach Explained

History of Equine Dentistry

Historical Instrumentation and Influence on Modern Practice

Anatomical, Physiological and Biomechanical Variations

Arthrosis of the Stylohyoid

Principles of Balance and Equilibration

Incisor and Cheek Teeth Relationships

Parallel Biomechanical Planes of Occlusion


Tooth Development

Three Point Harmony

Axial Flow of Food

Rostral, Caudal Movement of the Mandible

How Teeth Affect Air Flow

Bit Seats

Correct Aging by Various Means

Curve of Spee and Wilson

Performance Issues

Tissue Damage and Bitting Injuries

Bit to Bar Relationships


Oral Palpation Techniques


Instrument Placement

Relief Cuts

Use of the Bussico Incisor Gauge


Equine Gnathology Defined

Equine gnathology is the study of masticatory systems, including their physiology, functional disturbances, and treatment techniques. Gnathology requires extremely accurate equilibration and prophylaxis, verifying the work as it progresses, applying all well founded neuromuscular gnathological principles, and rechecking the work continually. 

The heart of equine gnathology revolves around efficient comfortable mastication, optimum performance, better behavior, longer life and improved temperament.

Because equine gnathology is not generally a part of veterinary or dental school training most is learned through specialized private schools and experienced mentors.

Advanced Equine Dental Guide; 60 Pages In Full Color

Advanced Guide to Oral Biomechanics and Dental Rehabilitation In Horses

600TP, 600T and 600P Course Text

General Questions; What Does It Mean
Introduction: The Jeffrey Equine Dental Paradigm
Stomatognathic System Defined
Equine Gnathology Defined
The Biomechanical Process of Deglutition
Wolff’s Law of Bone Transformation
Trajectories of Force/Benninghoffs Lines
EOTRH: Equine Odontoclastic Tooth Resorption and Hypercementosis
MPC: Meniscus Pad Compromise/Compression/Atrophy and Deterioration
Centric Occlusion Versus Centric Relation
Functional Occlusion
Reading Pathology
Jeffrey Brothers
EGTI  Pre-dental Check List
Colic Ball
Gnathological Determinates/ Five Biomechanical Pairs
Skull Anatomy
Engagement/Disengagement of the TMJ
Osteoarthrosis of the TMJ
Pitch, Yah and Roll
Mandibular Biomechanics
Incisor TMJ Relationships
Busicco Incisor Table Angle Gauge
Arthrosis of the Hyoid Apparatus: Orientation
Why We Need Knowledge of the Arthrosis Process
Causes of Arthosis
Angle of Stylohyoid to Jugular Process
Bones of the Hyoid Apparatus
Palpation Techniques
Cerato to Stylohyoid Arthrosis
Tympanic Bullae, Occiput, Mandible
Occipital and Incisor Deviation
Temporohyoid Osteoarthropathy
Bony Changes to Hyoid Apparatus
Hyoid Comparisons
Arthrosis of Stylohyoid to Petrous Bones
Comments On EOTRH and EMPC 


A Registered, Bonded and Insured Proprietary School

Idaho State Board of Education

Equine Gnathological Training Institute, Inc.
2050 East Medicine Wheel Lane
King Hill, Idaho 83633 USA

Dale's Cell:  208-869-1002

Fax: 208-366-2870